International Journal of Stem Cells : eISSN 2005-5447

Fig. 1.

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Fig. 1. Schematic of nucleosome structure. Nucleosomes are the smallest structural unit of chromatin. Nucleosome consists of two copies of each core histone (H2A, H2B, H3 and H4) and ~150 bp DNA. The N-terminal tail of each histone is extruded from the nucleosome. Amino acids in histone tails can be modified by numerous enzymes bringing acetylation, methylation, phosphorylation, ubiquitination and other substitutions, creating a complex ‘bar’ code, which may influence chromatin structure by affecting histone-histone and histone-DNA interactions. Post-translational modifications of histones regulate transcription of genes important for self-renewal and differentiation.
International Journal of Stem Cells 2016;9:36-43 https://doi.org/10.15283/ijsc.2016.9.1.36
© 2016 International Journal of Stem Cells