International Journal of Stem Cells : eISSN 2005-5447

Fig. 3.

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Fig. 3. Activation of RA signaling pathway by RA biases the differentiation of hiPSC toward atrial cardiomyocytes. (A) RA was introduced on day 5 at the concentrations indicated, the effect on the expression of NPPA, MYL7, COUPTFII, KCNJ5, and CX40 was analyzed by qPCR. (B) 2 μM RA was introduced on day 5 after the differentiation, and the expression of SHOX2, TBX18, TBX3, HCN4, ISL1, CX30.2, CACNB1, CACNA1A, KCNN4, KCNK2, KCND2, and SCN3B was quantitated by qPCR on day 21. The expression was normalized to that of GAPDH. Data are presented as ‘Mean±SD’ from at least 3 indepen-dent experiments with duplicate on each sample, with ns denoting non -significant, *denoting p<0.05, and **denoting p<0.01.
International Journal of Stem Cells 2022;15:247-57 https://doi.org/10.15283/ijsc21148
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